The human shoulder, a ball and socket joint, consists of three bones: clavicle, scapula, and humerus, which are covered by ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Any activity that puts extra pressure on these parts may lead to pain, weakness, and other problems in the shoulder. That is why sportspersons and people involved in a lot of physical work are highly susceptible to common shoulder problems. Even a poor posture and advanced age can lead to shoulder pain and disrupt your life. Orthopedist in Plano, Texas can help you by diagnosing the reason behind the problem and prescribing treatment. Physicians who are members of the Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center referral line treat various orthopedic conditions including shoulder injuries. To shed some more light on the subject, here’s a list of five common shoulder problems and their treatments.

1. Frozen Shoulder

Patients with frozen shoulder are hardly able to move the body part. The condition can also cause significant pain. Also known as Adhesive Capsulitis, frozen shoulder manifests due to a number of reasons, including diabetes and hypothyroidism. The symptoms become worse over time, and though recede later, patients must seek an orthopedic doctor to regain as much motion as possible sooner.

2. Separation

Separation manifests when the ligaments between the shoulder blade and the collarbone wear. Falling directly on your shoulder or any kind of blow to this part are the most common causes behind separation. Symptoms include pain, arm weakness, swelling, and limited shoulder movement. Visit an orthopedic doctors in Plano, Texas, if you experience regular pain or tenderness near the end of the collarbone.

3. Dislocation

Any activity that twists or pulls the shoulder hard and pulls the upper arm bone out of the cup-shaped socket is defined as a dislocated shoulder. Patients with a dislocated shoulder commonly experience tingling, numbness, and weakness in that area. Other symptoms include severe pain and the inability to move the shoulder. Although wearing a sling and rest can help treat the issue, if any nerves or tissues around the shoulder are damaged due to dislocation, you may have to seek the advice of an orthopedic surgeon.

4. Rotator Cuff Tears

Repeated overhead motion of the shoulder may wear the rotator cuffs. Besides aging, an outstretched hand or a fall, are other reasons behind rotator cuff tears. To treat a rotator cuff tear, an orthopedic doctor needs to consider a number of factors, including the patient’s age, severity of injury, and its tenure. Pain is often dull and usually starts deep in the shoulder. Non-surgical treatments include the application of heat or cold, cortisone injections, pain relievers, exercise, and rest.

5. Shoulder Osteoarthritis

Shoulder osteoarthritis manifests when the cartilage in the shoulder joints wear over time. Due to this, the shoulder bones rub against each other, leading to pain and problems with movement. Shoulder osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease common in people above 50 years. When diagnosing osteoarthritis of the shoulder the doctor may order an X-ray, blood test, or MRI scan to diagnose the problem. If the problem is chronic, the physician may ask you to see an orthopedic surgeon.

6. Bursitis/Impingement

Shoulder impingement, also referred to as bursitis is an irritation of the bursa and/or tendonitis. The bursa is the lubrication sac for the shoulder and is located over the rotator cuff. Tendonitis is the inflammation of the tendons of the rotator cuff. This can occur because of repetitive motion of the shoulder. Pain may begin as minor but can progress with growing discomfort in the shoulder. Treatment options may include rest, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, cortisone injections or arthroscopic surgery if non-surgical treatment options fail to provide relief.

7. Fractures

Shoulder fractures typically occur from direct impact to the shoulder such as a fall, contact sports or car accident. Shoulder fractures are painful and can cause difficulty with the function of the shoulder. An orthopedic surgeon can diagnose a shoulder fracture with an x-ray. Treatment options include the use of a sling to minimize movement of the joint or surgery with the placement of screws and plates to stabilize the joint. Recovery varies and may include physical therapy to help with range of motion and strength or the joint.

Help is Available!

Shoulders are some of the most used parts of the body, which puts them at the risk of injury and the development of the above mentioned issues. The physicians who are members of the Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center referral line in Plano, TX provide various treatments for  common shoulder problems and other orthopedic issues. If you are experiencing pain or any issue with your shoulders, schedule an appointment, and take your first step towards finding a surgeon to help you get back to an active and healthy life. To speak to one of our representatives, call us at 888-608-4762.

Physicians who are members of the referral program practice independently and are not employees or agents of Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center.