The spine is primarily responsible for bearing our body weight and also plays a key role in performing most of our upper body movements. Being extensively used, it is highly susceptible to injuries and age-related wear and tear. If you have been experiencing consistent back pain, it is recommended to consult an orthopedic specialist as soon as possible. Continuing on the subject, we discuss five common causes of back pain and what can be done about them. Take a look.
1. Abnormal Curvature
When the natural curve of the spine becomes too pronounced or abnormal, it exerts extra pressure on the spinal column, which may lead to back pain. Abnormal curvatures can occur in any form such as Scoliosis (side-to-side curve), Kyphosis (a hump in the upper back), and Lordosis (swayback). People facing abnormal curvature problem are advised to use a back brace, undertake specific exercises, or take anti-inflammatory medicines to ease the pain or discomfort. Surgery is often recommended to correct severe spine curvature problem.
2. Spinal Compression Fractures
Soft and weak bones act as a precursor to compression fracture. Spinal compression fractures is common among people of age 50 and above and is usually caused due to bone-thinning condition called osteoporosis or due to an accumulation of various hairline fractures that are common in old people. Although a majority of spinal fractures heal with medication and using back braces that restrict motion, some patients may need surgery.
Spinal stenosis is caused due to the narrowing of the spinal canal, which puts extra pressure on the nerves travelling through the spine. Spinal stenosis occurs mostly in the lower back and the neck causing severe back pain and numbness in your legs, arms, or torso. Though there is no specific cure for the problem, there are several nonsurgical treatments and physical therapies that can keep the pain at bay and help you live a normal life.
4. Herniated Disc
Herniated disc, also called a slipped disc or a ruptured disc, is a common back problem that usually occurs in the neck and the lower back. Herniated disc is caused due to the rupturing or tearing of outer wall of a spinal disc, which also irritates nearby nerves causing back pain, numbness, or weakness in legs. Very few people diagnosed with herniated disc need surgery, mostly when other conservative treatments fail to improve your symptoms.
5. Bulging Disc
Bulging disc also called disc protrusion typically occurs in the lower back, or lumbar area of the spine, when the outer wall of a spinal disc weakens and shifts outwards from its normal position. Bulging disc can cause painful nerve irritation, discomfort and disability in various parts of the body. If you notice any of the symptoms of bulging disc, your physician will recommend rest, warm compresses, exercise, and medication. Surgery is the last resort when conservative treatments fail to fix the problem.
Back pain can have a serious underlying issue calling for immediate medical attention and treatment. While some patients can find relief with non-surgical treatments, others may require surgical treatment. If you or someone you know is facing consistent back pain problem, it is advisable to consult a doctor as soon as possible. To book an appointment with an experienced spine and orthopedic surgeon in Plano , simply call +1 888-608-4762.
Physicians who are members of the referral program practice independently and are not employees or agents of Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic.