7 Common Causes of Chronic Lower Back Pain
Lower back pain is a growing health concern, affecting people from all age groups. The issue often manifests from a soft-tissue injury or muscle pull that may result in compression of nerve roots and intervertebral discs. If the pain persists, it is advisable to consult a physician. The physicians participating in the Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center treat various types of spine injuries including those resulting in chronic low back pain. In this below are seven possible reasons for the chronic lower back pain.
1. Compression Fracture
A compression fracture is common with older people or those having osteoporosis, leading to weak bones. It occurs in the cylindrical vertebra where the bone caves in on itself, causing sudden severe pain.
Related read – 5 Ways to Avoid Back Pain at Work
Deformity of the spine is when the gentle curvatures of the spine are extreme or displaced. Scoliosis and kyphosis are the two common type of spine curvature problems that are associated with deformity. Spinal deformity is linked with lower back pain if it affects the discs or facet joints in the lumbar spine.
3. Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative disc disease becomes more prominent with age. At birth, the intervertebral discs contain water but as we age, the disc starts losing hydration. Dehydration lowers the discs’ ability to resist forces, which are passed on to the disc wall, resulting in tear and weakening, causing pain. In some instance the disc may even collapse, contributing to stenosis.
4. Lumbar Herniated Disc
The lumbar disc has a jelly-like center, which can break through the tough outer layer of the disc, resulting in inflammation of a nearby nerve root as the herniated portion of the disc is full of proteins. With the disc wall surrounded by nerve fibers, even a simple tear through the wall can cause severe pain in the lower back.
Osteoarthritis is a medical condition, mostly associated with aging. It happens from wear and tear of the disc and facet joints, and often referred to as spondylosis or degenerative joint disease. An osteoarthritis patient may experience pain, inflammation, instability, and stenosis at multiple levels of the lower spine.
Related read – Hip Osteoarthritis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Exercises
6. Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis is a condition where the patient experiences pain due to narrowing of the spinal canal – the location of nerve roots. The narrowing of the spinal canal can be at either single level or multiple levels in the lower back.
Related read – All You Wanted to know about Spinal Stenosis
Spondylolisthesis is a condition that occurs due to slipping of one vertebra over an adjacent one. There are five grades of spondylolisthesis with grade 1 being the least severe and grade 5 being the most severe. The slipping of the vertebra can lead to compression of the nerves to the legs, causing pain.
Related read – Spondylolisthesis: Types and Treatment
In addition to these seven common reasons for chronic lower back pain, other possibilities include muscle strains, SI joint dysfunction, trauma, or the less common infection, tumor and autoimmune disease. If you or a loved one has been troubled by chronic lower back pain, contact Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center to find a physician participating in the Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center referral line who has experience in managing and treating chronic back pain. Book an appointment by clicking here, or simply call 1-888-608-4762.
Physicians who are members of the referral program practice independently and are not employees or agents of Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic.