Lower back pain is a common and recurring problem among many individuals, but you never know when a seemingly harmless back pain may turn into a much serious problem such as Spondylolisthesis. A rare condition, Spondylolisthesis can be congenital, or may develop because of a fracture or degenerative changes in the spine. Though the disorder is treatable with medication, the doctor may recommend spondylolisthesis surgery if a patient doesn’t respond to the first line of defense. Taking the conversation further, in this blog, we discuss degenerative spondylolisthesis to provide an overview of the medical condition and its treatment. Read on.
Degenerative spondylolisthesis leads to irregular posture because the forward motion or slipping of one vertebral body over the vertebrae beneath, as the discs lose hydration and resiliency. The common symptoms of spondylolisthesis include:
- Pain in lower back
- Pain in thighs and legs
- Muscle spasms
Not every case of degenerative spondylolisthesis requires surgery. A doctor can prepare a treatment plan only after a spinal radiography. A doctor may recommend surgery if a patient suffers from significant neurologic impairment or persistent symptoms.
Bed rest is the initial preventive measure for acute lower back pain. In addition, to avoid stressing the lumbar spine, the patient should not lift heavy weights or indulge in activities that require too much body movement.
After examining the patient, the physician will prescribe medicines that may include acetaminophen, anti-inflammatory agents, anti-depressants, muscle relaxants, and narcotics.
Physical therapy is a form of nonoperative treatment that involves various forms of therapeutic exercise. Stretching helps in improving the flexibility of the trunk muscles, whereas non-aerobic exercises assist in developing muscular endurance and strength.
If the disorder causes neurologic deficit such as slip progress and incontinence, surgery for spondylolisthesis may be the last resort to treat the patient. If the slippage exceeds 3mm, the doctor may recommend spinal fusion and instrumentation. The surgery helps in stabilizing the spinal column.
Last Few Words
Most of the cases of degenerative spondylolisthesis can be treated with medication. Before prescribing a surgery, doctors take note of several factors such as symptoms, radiographic report, the angle and degree of vertebral slip, and patient’s medical history. If you or someone you know has been experiencing severe lower back pain, don’t ignore it, as any procrastination in expert help will only worsen the problem. Book an appointment with one of the consultants at Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center, today. Simply call 1-888-608-4762 or click here.