Knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure performed to diagnose and treat knee joint problems. The minimally invasive knee surgery allows doctors to view the knee joint and detect the root cause, without having to make a large incision through the skin and other soft tissues. The surgeon inserts a small camera, or “arthroscope” into the knee joint to identify and treat problems resulting from joint stiffness or injury. The treatment has a short recovery time, and patients usually get discharged on the same day. Physicians who are members of the Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center referral line perform several types of surgical procedures including arthroscopic knee surgery. This blog briefly discusses the why and how of this surgical procedure. Read on.
The Need to Undergo Knee Arthroscopy
The necessity of knee arthroscopy depends on the severity of the problem and its impact on the patient’s life. This surgical procedure can treat various knee problems, such as misaligned patella or kneecap, torn meniscus, and even repairing joint ligaments. When the patient is in pain, and non-surgical treatments (medication and physical therapy) fail to provide any relief, doctors may recommend knee arthroscopy.
How is the Surgery Performed?
The procedure can be performed under local, regional or general anesthesia. The surgeon makes a few small incisions in the knee, fill the knee joints with a sterile or salt solution, and rinse away the cloudy fluid. This enables the surgeons to clearly see the structure inside the knee. An arthroscope is inserted through the incisions to examine the joint and locate the problem. Upon identifying the issue, the surgeon inserts precision surgical tools into the cuts to perform the corrective procedure. The saline or sterile solution is drained out after the procedure, and the incisions are stitched. Most of the knee injuries and their treatments using the arthroscope take about 1-2 hours. The duration of the surgery, however, depends upon the seriousness of the problem and the complications involved.
Scope of Procedure
A surgeon may perform a number of corrective procedures using an arthroscope. The scope includes:
- Trimming of damaged articular cartilage
- Repair or removal of torn meniscus
- Removal of inflamed synovial tissue
- Reconstruction of torn anterior cruciate ligament
- Treatment of kneecap problem
- Removal of loose fragments of cartilage and bone
Performing the above procedures are likely to provide relief from the painful symptoms of a number of problems that damage the cartilage surfaces and other soft tissues.
Post Surgery Recommendations
Patients who undergo knee arthroscopy are usually advised by the doctor to use ice packs on the knee to minimize pain and reduce swelling. Doctors may also suggest a patient undergo physical therapy or may give an exercise regimen to speed-up the recovery, restore full range of motion, and strengthen muscles.
Last Few Words
Arthroscopic knee surgery can be performed to treat various conditions in the knee. Proper postoperative care is essential to accelerate the recovery process. To learn more about knee arthroscopy, get in touch with the Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center. To book an appointment, call us at 1-888-608-4762 or fill out our contact form and we will take it from there.
Disclaimer: Physicians who are members of the referral program practice independently and are not employees or agents of Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center.