Surgery is the last treatment option for severe scoliosis. The procedure although doesn’t result in a perfectly straight spine, it balances the spine so that the curve doesn’t get worse. The doctor permanently joins the vertebrae together in the scoliosis surgery. The blog provides maximum information about the scoliosis surgery to make you more aware of the procedure. Read on to learn more about the surgery.

Preoperative Considerations

The doctor would consider a lot of things before recommending surgery, which includes:

  • Age of the patient
  • Failure of other treatment such as bracing
  • If the child has moderate to severe curve, and if it is getting worse
  • If the patient faces pain or difficulty in doing daily activities


Types of Surgical Procedures

The main type of scoliosis surgery includes attachment of rods to the spine and performing a spinal fusion to stabilize and reduce the size of the curve. The spinal fusion further stops the curve from increasing as the doctor joins the vertebrae with a solid mass of bone.

Scoliosis surgery involves attaching rods to the spine and doing a spinal fusion. Spinal fusion stabilizes and reduces the size of the curve and stops the curve from getting worse by permanently joining the vertebrae into a solid mass of bone.

The other surgical procedure is instrumentation without fusion in which the doctor attaches the metal rods to the spine to reduce and stabilize the curve. The procedure is ideal for children when a fusion isn’t possible, and they need to wear a brace after the surgery.


Possible Complications

Like any other surgery, there are a few risks associated with scoliosis surgery, which includes:

Infection – The doctor prescribes antibiotics regularly to the patient before, during, and after the surgery to reduce the risk of infection.

Bleeding – The patient loses a certain amount of blood during the surgery, which is not an issue. Continuous bleeding or a significant blood loss could, however, be a problem. Doctors in many cases save a portion of the blood and give it back to the patient.

Pseudarthrosis – Patients who smoke are likely to develop pseudarthrosis, a condition that interferes with bone formation and can cause pain or break the rod. The patient might need to undergo another surgery in the case of pseudarthrosis.

Blood clot – Formation of blood clots in legs could be dangerous if they reach the lungs or break off.


Scheduling the Surgery

There is rarely an urgent need for the patient to undergo surgery, so it is easy to schedule a time that is convenient for the patient and doctor. If it is difficult to undergo the surgery for the next couple of months, make sure to follow up with the doctor every month to ensure the size of the curve doesn’t increase.


Last Few Words

Scoliosis surgery is an extensive surgery recommended when the spinal curve is progressing rapidly and might cause severe deformity in the patient. Limit the movement of the spine so that it will fuse in a better way. Some doctors prescribe wearing back brace to restrict the movement for a specific period after the surgery. If you have more questions related to the procedure or are looking for a doctor to perform scoliosis surgery, get in touch with Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center. We are an alliance of nationally recognized physicians and independent healthcare organizations, with an aim is deliver world class healthcare services. To schedule an appointment, call us at 1-888-608-4762 or click here.