Hip joint dislocation, when the head of the thigh bone gets completely separated from the socket of the pelvic bone, is an extremely painful condition. The dislocation of a hip joint is a medical emergency, which may lead to serious morbidity, in the absence of proper diagnosis and treatment. Physicians who are members of the Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center referral line treat a multitude of orthopedic, spine and joint conditions including hip dislocation. The blog post gives an overview of the causes, types, and treatment of hip joint dislocation to give you a better understanding of the orthopedic condition.

 

 

Causes

Traumatic Dislocation

  • Accidental injury or fall
  • Violent injury that deals a severe blow to the hip

Post-surgical Dislocation
Approximately 15 percent of patients experience severe hip pain due to hip joint dislocation within six months after total hip replacement surgery.
 

Types

Congenital Hip Dislocation
A common problem in newborns and young children, congenital dislocation is dysplasia of the head of the thigh bone or acetabular socket.
Acquired Hip Dislocation
Acquired hip dislocations mainly occurs during road accidents, and are extremely painful.
Anterior Dislocation
Anterior hip dislocation may cause femoral artery and nerve injury. Any tear of the femoral artery could cause extreme bleeding and collection of blood in the front of the hip joint. Approximately 8 percent of hip dislocations are anterior in nature.
Posterior Dislocation
Posterior dislocations are often due to severe hip pain or sciatic nerve injury. Around 90 percent of the dislocations are posterior in nature.
Central Dislocation
A rare kind of dislocation, it is usually related to the fracture of acetabulum (concave surface of the pelvis).

Read More : Anterior Vs Posterior Hip Replacement: Which Way to Go
 

Treatment

Medication
The doctor may initially prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to treat the pain. If the hip pain is severe, NSAIDs may fail to provide any relief, prompting doctors to treat the problem with antibiotics.
Closed Reduction
If the dislocation of the hip is not due to a fracture of thigh bone or acetabulum (socket of pelvic bone), the doctor may recommend closed reduction. Hip joint dislocations, in 20 percent cases, may cause sciatic nerve injury. If the X-ray or MRI shows that the sciatic nerve isn’t injured, doctors may perform close reduction under general anesthesia.
Allis Technique
An easy and safe way to provide relief from hip joint dislocation, the technique is performed under anesthesia. The doctor applies anterior traction to bring the femoral head into acetabulum.

Read More : Debunking 5 Common Myths About Hip Replacement Surgeries
 

Final Words

A hip joint dislocation can cause nerve injury, osteonecrosis, and arthritis. It is therefore, essential to diagnose and treat the orthopedic condition in its early stages. Patients may take 2 to 3 months to completely recover after a dislocation, and the rehabilitation time can stretch if there are additional fractures. Seeking the advice of an experienced orthopedic doctor is critical for proper diagnosis and treatment of the problem. Get in touch with Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center to find and schedule an appointment with a physician who is a member of the referral program and with experience treating conditions of the hip in Plano, Texas. The physician members are committed to helping their patients get back to everyday life with responsive and progressive care. Call us at 1-888-608-4762 to book an appointment.
 

Disclaimer: Physicians who are members of the referral program practice independently and are not employees or agents of Texas Health Spine and Orthopedic Center.