If you’re in need of a knee replacement surgery and reside in or around Plano, TX, the participating physician members at Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center™ are here to help. The participating physician members have provided quality medical care to patients in the region for decades and utilize the advanced techniques and technologies to help get patients back to life quickly and effectively. Participating physician members perform both total knee replacement and partial knee replacement.
The knee is a joint that allows the leg to bend where the bottom of the thighbone (femur) meets the shinbone (tibia). The kneecap (patella) and fibula are the other bones that make up the knee. In a healthy joint, the bones move easily against one another as the leg is flexed, gliding on articular cartilage and synovial fluid. Pain in the knee can result when degeneration of the cartilage leads to bone-on-bone friction. In some cases knee pain can be debilitating. In these instances, a full or partial knee replacement may be the best course of treatment.
In a traditional total knee replacement procedure, the damaged areas of a patient’s patella, tibia, and femur are removed and replaced with prosthetic devices. Patients with lesser damage may be candidates for partial knee replacements, which are less invasive alternatives that remove only the most damaged areas of cartilage in a specific area and replaces those surfaces.
Knee Replacement Symptoms
The participating physician members at Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center in Plano, TX, may recommend that you undergo a knee replacement procedure if:
Knee replacement is usually not recommended for patients with:
Participating Physician members Offer Knee Replacement Treatments Available for Patients in or near Plano, TX
Knee Replacement Treatments
Total Knee Replacement
According to The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, in a total knee replacement the kneecap is moved out of the way, and the ends of the thighbone and shinbone are cut to fit the prosthesis. The underside of the kneecap is also cut to allow room for the artificial joint.
The two parts of the artificial joint are affixed to the bones and kneecap using a special bone cement. Implants can me made of metal, plastic or ceramic. Your surgeon will decide which type of implant material will work best for you.
The operation is performed under general anesthesia. In many cases, a mini-incision can be used to avoid cutting the tendon on the front of the knee. This allows for faster, less painful recovery than standard total knee replacement. The hospital stay generally lasts two to four days, but the total recovery period varies from a few months to a year. Physical therapy is started immediately after surgery.
You will experience moderate pain after surgery, however, your doctor may prescribe injections of narcotic medications, patient-controlled painkillers, or epidural medications for the first couple of days after surgery. The pain should gradually decrease and, as it does, oral medication may be sufficient to control the pain. It is important to control the pain enough to participate in physical therapy. Your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection, which would require removal of the artificial joint.
Partial Knee Replacement
Partial knee replacement is a less invasive alternative to total knee replacement, and is sometimes an option for patients whose arthritis pain is confined to a limited area.
According to The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons,this procedure removes only the most damaged areas of cartilage in a specific area of the knee and replaces these surfaces. Because partial knee replacement requires a smaller incision than traditional total knee replacement, recovery time is generally a matter of weeks, versus the several months required for total knee replacement. Your doctor will advise you as to when you can walk safely without the assistance of a cane, crutches or walker, and when you can resume your normal daily activities.
Patients with debilitating knee pain can consult with participating orthopedic surgeons at Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center. To schedule an appointment with one of the participating physicians to discuss total or partial knee replacement surgery and other treatment options, call the Texas Health Spine & Orthopedic Center, at (888) 608-4762.