Arthritis Treatment Plano TX

Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints caused by the breakdown of cartilage. Cartilage normally protects the joint and absorbs shock. Without it, bones rub together, causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement.

There are more than 100 different types of arthritis and, according to the Arthritis Foundation, about 37 million Americans of all ages suffer from arthritis of some kind—almost 1 out of every 7 people.

Symptoms of Arthritis

  • If you have arthritis, you may experience:
  • Joint pain
  • Joint swelling
  • Reduced ability to move the joint
  • Redness of the skin around a joint
  • Stiffness, especially in the morning
  • Warmth around a joint

Treatment of Arthritis

The treatment of arthritis depends on the cause, which joints are affected, the severity, and how the condition affects your daily activities. Your age and occupation will also be taken into consideration when your doctor works with you to develop your individualized treatment plan.

If possible, treatment will focus on eliminating the cause, not just treating the symptoms. However, some forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, are not curable. In those cases, our treatment focuses on reducing pain and discomfort and preventing further disability. Sometimes lifestyle changes are enough to improve your comfort and mobility. If not, medications may be prescribed along with exercise.

Your doctor and physical therapist will design an individualized exercise program for you, including:

  • Low-impact aerobic activity (also called endurance exercise)
  • Range of motion exercises for flexibility
  • Strength training for muscle tone

Other therapies may include:

  • Prescription medications and/or over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Heat and cold treatments
  • Water therapy
  • Ice massage
  • Medicated skin creams
  • Nutritional changes
  • Vitamin or mineral supplements
  • Weight loss
  • Nerve stimulation
  • Rest
  • Meditation, guided imagery, yoga, or tai chi
  • Surgery
  • In some cases, surgery to rebuild the joint (arthroplasty) or to replace the joint (such as a total knee joint replacement) may be recommended, especially when other alternatives, such as lifestyle changes and medication, are no longer effective.
  • Joint fluid supplementation
    Healthy joints also contain a lubricant called synovial fluid. In joints with arthritis, this fluid is not produced in adequate amounts. In some cases, a doctor may inject the arthritic joint with a manmade version. The synthetic fluid may improve the quality of life and postpone the need for surgery at least temporarily.

What is Arthritis :